BOSHMAN-KYPSAK HERO

 

Once there lived brothers Kypsak, Katay, Teleule, Buryan, Yurmaty. When they became adults, brothers left for different regions of their native land and each of them headed his own tribe. Their offsprings lived on the banks of the rivers Aghithel, Eyek, Yayik, Sulman. They had a lot of horses and cattle and led a nomadic way of life. They changed pastures every summer. Nobody else lived there.

Once upon a time the black danger2 came from the East, from the Altai mountains. Those invaders were uncountable, they spread over Bashkort lands. They devastated them.

Tamyan, Buryans, Yurmaty, Kypsak and Teleule fought against the enemy but they were much less in number and they had to escape in the high mountains and dense woods. The most numerous among them were Kypsaks, who were divided into Garai -Kypsak, Boshman-Kypsak tribes. They were brave, warlike and more skilled than other tribes.

And the invader's Khan granted them privileges and presented gifts, so that many young Kypsaks began to serve Baty Khan and conquered other nations and new lands. But one of them Boshman-Kypsak refused to serve the Khan and left for the woods. Then he attacked the Khan's troops several times. But one traitor helped the Khan's men catch Boshman and his group. The Khan persuaded him to be his commander but Boshman refused. "The camel never kneels and the hawk never bows its head before death," Boshman replied. The hero was executed. Nowadays there are villages called Tamyan, Teleule, Yurmaty, Kypsak, Katay in Bashkortostan. And there was an area, where those tribes came to have their meetings.

 

 


1) Legends of Kypsak batyr* Boshman (Batstman, Bachman) have ancient written variants. According to their character one can surmise that Boshman [Batstman, Bachman) is a real historical personage. The Bashkort oral variant is dose to plots, fixed in written documents. The personages mentioned in ancient texts (Mengu-khan, Busek, the Image of the old woman, who betrayed to the enemy the hiding place of Boshman) in the legend are presented in a general way 'a cruel khan', 'a traitor'. 2) Black danger means Tatar-Mongol